Tyumen is the largest city and the administrative center of Tyumen region, Russia, located on the Tura River 1,700 kilometers (1,100 mi) east of Moscow.
Tyumen was the first Russian settlement in Siberia. Founded in 1586 to support Russia's eastward expansion, the city has remained one of the most important industrial and economic centers east of the Ural Mountains. Located at the junction of several important trade routes and with easy access to navigable waterways, Tyumen rapidly developed from a small military settlement to a large commercial and industrial city. The central part of Old Tyumen retains many historic buildings from throughout the city's history.
Today Tyumen is an important business center. Tyumen is the transport hub and industrial center of Tyumen region—a vast oil-rich region stretching from the Kazakhstani border to the Arctic Ocean—as well as the home of many companies active in Russia's oil and gas industry.
Tyumen has a humid continental climate with warm, somewhat humid summers and long, cold winters. The weather in town is very changeable, and the temperature in town is always higher than in the surrounding area by a few degrees. The town area also attracts more precipitation. The average temperature in January is −16.7 °C (1.9 °F), with a record low of −50 °C (−58 °F) (February 1951). The average temperature in July is +18.6 °C (65.5 °F), with a record high of +38 °C (100 °F).
The average annual precipitation is 457 millimeters (18.0 in). The wettest year on record was 1943, with 581 millimeters (22.9 in), and the driest was 1917, with only 231 millimeters (9.1 in).
Tyumen (Roshino) is International Airport of Tyumen which located 13 km west of Tyumen.